A. Mirzajani,, A. H. Hamidian1* and M. Karami1
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(Received: 19. June-2015; Accepted: 7. May-2017)
The fishery activities affect the lives of millions of people who live near the south of Caspian Sea, where the aquatic stocks have sophisticated ecological relationships. In this study, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope technique was applied as an ecological tool to interpret the fish catch values of different areas in relation to food chain. The average values of Captured bony fishes in six regions of Guilan province, including Astara, Hashtpar, Anzali, Kiashahr, Langroud and Chaboksar, were compared. For calculating food chain length using nitrogen stable isotope; Cerastoderma glucaum was considered as primary consumers for baseline values and two species Sander lucioperca and Alosa braschnokowi as top predators. The results showed that stable isotope ratios of δ13C and δ15N varied in different regions. The δ13C value was the lowest and the highest in Astara and Chaboksar (-21.7 ‰ and -20.1 ‰, respectively) while the δ15N value was the highest (5.7 ‰) in Astara and the lowest (4.2 ‰) in Chaboksar and Kiashahr. The highest calculated food chain length among the regions belonged to Kiashahr. Although a schematic correlation was observed between the aboundance of Captured fish and the length of food chain in different regions, the role of releasing millions of fish fries annually is also crucial in fish stock rehabilitation.
Keywords: Stable isotope, Carbon and nitrogen, Trophic level, Fishing.